Economy & Energy
Year XIII-No 75
October - December
ISSN 1518-2932


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No 75 Em Português





other e&e issues

e&e No 75



Main Page

Is there hope after COP 15 in Copenhagen?

Brazilian Inventory of GHG - Preliminary values

Brazilian goals for climate change

The Copenhagen Agreement

National Policy Law for Climate Change - PNMC

e&e links

see also:


 Economy and Energy - e&e  Organization OSCIP 

setae.gif (977 bytes)e&e in Portuguese

e&e 75 - Special  COP I5


Is there hope after COP 15 in Copenhagen?

The result of the Copenhagen Conference was an Agreement in whose negotiation all main governmental authorities from different countries had directly concentrated efforts in an exeptional diplomatic process regarding agreements of this type. The true repercussion of the Agreement is still to be analyzed and its relevance lies precisely on this personal concentrated efforts of the governmental authorities.

Texts for Discussion:

Brazilian inventory of greenhouse effect gases emissions –Preliminary Values

The MCT has published the preliminary results of the national inventory of greenhouse effect gases emissions. Emissions have been growning more than the GDP and its profile, where deforesting, agriculture and husbandry are predominant, is quite different from that of the rest of the world where fossil fuels combustion is predominant.

See: Full text of the Inventory


Brazilian Goals for the Climate

In order to show the Brazilian commitment regarding the climate change issue, the Brazilian Government has announced a reduction of about 38% of emissions foreseen for 2020. The probable emission values and the viability of goals are discussed and considerable difficulties in the agriculture and husbandry area are foreseen.


Summary  and original text

The  Copenhagen Agreement

A summary of and the Copenhagen Agreement that presents important decisions regarding greenhouse effect gases emissions are presented. The fixed goal is to limit global warming to two degrees centigrade and goals and verifications for developed and developing countries are foreseen. A fund to help less developed countries has also been created.


Commented summary:

Note on the Law of National Policy on Climate Change - PNMC

The 12.287/09 Law that created the PNMC came into force on the last day of 2009. The Law is of utmost importance for the subjects examined in the present issue of this periodical. It determines the main points of the policy for the climate change area and regulates the goals announced prior to COP 15. The details of the goals will be fixed by a decree from the Executive. A summary of the Law is presented as well as the full text.


Commentary on COP 15:

 e&e and the Climate Conference in Copenhagen.

e&e has special interest in the COP 15 Conference held in Copenhagen from 07 to 18 of the present month. The decisions made will have a direct influence on the world future. It may have deep repercussions on the Brazilian development and profoundly affect the Brazilian energy panorama.

The Conference has made available at the Internet a very rich portal that will be maintained for some time:

 COP15 - CopenhagenUnited Nations - Climate Change Conference - Dec 07 - Dec 18 2009

where it was possible to follow, sometime live, but generally with a delay of a few hours the main meetings and press interviews still available at the COP15 Webcast  site(12/26/2009). 

The e&e editor, Carlos Feu Alvim attended COP15 Copenhagen representing the LAS/ANS (Latin America Session of the American Nuclear Society) and presents his view on the Conference and its results. There still hope after COP 15.


Additional text for discussion:

Can the Brazilian goals make alcohol exports unfeasible?

Taking on commitments (voluntary or resulting from international agreements) by developing countries like Brazil, with goals concerning the reduction of greenhouse effect gases emissions demand the choice of a coherent way of accounting for them. In other words, the effort for an additional alcohol production will increase the Brazilian emissions accounting and will make it difficult to succeed in accomplishing goals (if absolute).

Graphic Edition/Edição Gráfica:
Editoração Eletrônic

Friday, 03 February 2012

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