Economy & Energy
Year IX -No 53:
- January
ISSN 1518-2932

seta.gif (5908 bytes)No 53 Em Português





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e&e No 53



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Editorial :

 e&e : the Organization and the Periodical

 The e&e Organization

   The Economy and Energy - e&e Organization is registered as OSCIP


   Completion of the Fabrication and Assembly of the Internal Parts and Pressure Vessel of the LABGENE Reactor.


   Capital Productivity: The e&e Organization and the Ministry of Science and Technology have signed a Partnership Contract.

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The e&e Organization:

The EconomY and Energy Organization – e&e
Classified as OSCIP

The Organization

On July 31, 1998 was created the Economy and Energy Organization - e&e; its headquarters is located in Belo Horizonte but it can establish branches anywhere in the country. It was registered as a non-profit making Civil Scientific Society, corresponding to a Non-Governmental Organization – NGO (this denomination does not exist in the Brazilian legislation); its objectives were, on one hand, support the Periodical with the same name, created in 1997, and on the other hand, contribute to the economic and social development of Brazil and of other countries through research on economy and energy.

On July 30, 2005 the statute of the organization was adapted so that it could be classified by the Federal Government as a Civil Society Organization of Public Interest – OSCIP. On November 4, 2005 the Ministry of Justice qualified the Economy and Energy Organization – e&e, as an OSCIP. This alteration has not modified in its fundamentals the aims and objectives of the Organization.

The Law No 9790 of March 23, 1999 regulates the Civil Society Organization of Public Interest (OSCIP) and permits non-profit making, private corporate legal entities (groups of people or professionals) to be classified by the Government as OSCIP and allows partnerships with it as long as its social objectives and statutes satisfy the requirements of the Law.

One could say that the OSCIPs are the official acknowledgment by the Federal Government of an organization integrating the so-called Third Sector. The Law requires from these organizations an extremely transparent administration The OSCIPs are no more than Non-Governmental Organizations created by the private initiative that obtain from the Federal Government a certificate, if they can attest that they follow certain requirements, specially those concerning administrative transparency. In exchange they can celebrate Partnership Contracts that were conceived as an alternative to agreements because they are more agile and reasonable concerning the balance sheet.


Structure and Associates of e&e

The main element of the e&e Organization is the General Assembly constituted by all its effective associates. From July 2005 on, the Assembly’s Chairman is Dr. João Camilo Penna who substituted Prof. José Goldemberg in this function. The above mentioned associates together with Prof. José Israel Vargas constitute the Scientific Council of e&e, that is coordinated by Prof. Omar Campos Ferreira.

The General Assembly is constituted by the following associates: Carlos Augusto Feu Alvim da Silva, Frida Eidelman, Genserico Encarnação Júnior, Othon Luiz Pinheiro da Silva, Olga Y. Mafra Guidicini, Marcos Aurélio Santos de Souza, João Antônio Moreira Patusco and Aumara Bastos Feu Alvim de Souza.

Besides the effective associates, researches and honorary associates may participate in the Organization.

The Organization’s administration is the responsibility of the Associate Frida Eidelman whose position is denominated Director-Superintendent; the Periodical’s edition is still under the responsibility of Carlos Augusto Feu Alvim da Silva who is also the Responsible Director of the Economy & Energy – e&e, Periodical and substitute of the Director-Superintendent during her absence or transitory impediment.

Objective, Fundaments and Means of the Organization

The Social Organization Economy and Energy – e&e, has the following objectives:

·         Contribution to the social and economic development of Brazil and of other countries through research concerning the social and economic fields and the production and use of energy exclusively for peaceful purposes;

●    Defense, preservation and conservation of the environment and promotion of sustainable development;

●    Promotion of the economic and social development and the combat of poverty;

●    Elaboration of studies, research and development of alternative technologies, production and dissemination of information and technical and scientific knowledge related to the above mentioned purposes.

The implementation of e&e activities are based on:

●    The study of the main economic and social variables that affect this development within a historical perspective and a medium-term future view;

●    The study of conditions relative to consumption and use of energy in the long-term, aiming at the adequate use of energy sources;

●    Use of energy planning techniques in consonance with economic development;

●    The study of conditions that favor the use of energy and natural resources, furthering, from the social point of view, a more just distribution of these goods in what concerns the population of Brazil and of other countries;

●    The study of economic development related with the principles that rule the physical phenomena, notably those related with energy;

●    The study of the environmental impacts of the economic activities, mainly in what concerns the use of energy sources in order to minimize these impacts.

To reach these ends, the following means will be used:

●    Elaboration, development and dissemination of scientific research material about the objectives foreseen in its Statutes. This includes edition and publication, via Internet or any other media, of its own or third parties articles on subjects related with e&e objectives;

●    Consultancy services relative to development projects of public or private institutions interested in the objectives of the Organization;

●    Incentive to and creation of Scientific Councils, whenever necessary, aiming at improving the different knowledge sources relative to economy and energy;

●    Dissemination of studies concerning its objectives through courses and seminars;

·         Elaboration of studies about specific themes in the context of the objectives foreseen in its Statutes for public or private institutions through agreements, contracts or partnerships;

·          Use of other means adequate for fulfilling the e&e ends.


The e&e Periodical

One of the main activities of the e&e Organization is the publication of the bimonthly and bilingual (English and Portuguese) e&e Periodical, presently in its No 53 issue, and its dissemination through the Internet. All issues, including the No zero, are available at the Internet. From the No 39 on (July – August 2003) the Periodical has been published and distributed on paper.

The objective of the e&e Periodical is to disseminate themes related with economy and energy and it has had the support of its associates as well as of public and private entities. Whenever available this support is indicated on the paper issue and at the Internet.

The focal subjects of this publication are economy and energy. The economic subjects don’t have necessarily (and most of the time they do not) direct connection with energy. In the economic field the main themes are connected with economic development and growth such as:

·         Limits to Growth;

·         Capital Productivity;

·         Investiments;

·         Foreign and Internal Debt;

·         International Reserves;

·         Projections of Economic Variables in the Medium and Long Term;

·         Sudies concerning Capital and Consumption of Durable Goods in Economic Sectors;

·         External Trade;

·         Relationship between Technology and Economic Production.

We list below the most frequent themes presented in the Periodical in the energy area,

·         Energy Balance;

·         Energy Matrix and its Projection;

·         Sectorial Energy Consumption;

·         Emissions of Greenhouse Effect Gases in the Use and Transformation of Energy Sources;

·         Penetration of Energy Sources in the Energy Matrix, highlighting Natural Gas, Coal, Alcohol and Nuclear Energy.


Since the start of its publication until now (November 2005) about 130,922 visitors consulted the first page (1250/month on the average) and in the last month (November 2005), we had a total of 78,379 visits to articles (2,528 visits/day, on the average). The last statistic informed by the Web Server shows the following percent number of identified visitors: Brazil (37.2%), USA (46.6%), Europe (9.5%) and others (6.7%). Regarding the paper issues about 1,300 Periodicals are distributed in each issue in Portuguese and English.

Projects, Studies and Development of Software

From 2001 on e&e has established a branch in Rio de Janeiro and in 2005, in São Paulo. In this period, with the assistance of technical experts, external to the Organization, several studies and projects were carried out together with the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Secretariat of Industrial Technology from the Ministry of Industry and Foreign Trade, the Ministry of Mines and Energy, Eletronuclear, Macroplan and others.

In general, the economic and energy themes were treated using an approach that avoids simplistic methods which uses (or obtains as result) constant growth rates. We have always tried to take into account limits-to-growth variables such as population, use of natural resources, investment capacity, indebtedness capacity, etc. Therefore, we have paid attention to the capital stock and not only to its flow. For that reason it is frequent the use of the logistic curve in the evaluation of the economic and energy variables behavior. This approach has been used in the physics and social fields. In the economic field this means, whenever possible, to evaluate the macroeconomic relationships.

Several planning tools in the form of computer programs (software) have been developed and they are described in the Periodical or in specific reports when they were developed in the framework of agreements or partnerships. The programs are organized in modules that make projections consistent with the scenario they have generated. Almost all programs are based on a macroeconomic module where real economic and financial limitations to growth are considered. Sectorial, regional and state derivations can also be considered. Specific applications were developed concerning energy demand projection in several economic sectors, projection of greenhouse effect gases, projection of vehicles market and thermal generation options for satisfying electricity demand.

In what follows some of these projects, studies and software development are listed demonstrating that the Organization has fulfilled its purpose:

§           “Carbon Balance in Energy Transformation Centers” agreement between the Ministry of Science and Technology – MCT and Economy and Energy - e&e – ONG - Nº 01.0065.00/2003.

§          “Capital Productivity and Development”, in cooperation with the Secretariat of Industrial Technology of the Ministry of Industry Development and External Trade.

§          “A “Destination Port” for the Brazilian Electric System”.

§          “The Technological Prospective: prediction with a simple mathematical modeling”, together with the Brazilian Academy of Science and UNESCO.

§          “Estimate of Emissions of Greenhouse Effect Gases from Energy Use and Transformation in Brazil- Updating for 2002”, Agreement MCT /e&e - ONG N0 01.0065.00/2003 and  N0 01.0077.00/2002. 

§          “Energy Generation in the 2020 Horizon and Angra III”, together with Eletronuclear.

§          “Supply of Instruments for Evaluating the Emissions of Greenhouse Effect Gases Coupled with an Energy Matrix”, together with the MCT.

§          “Scenarios for the Oil and Gas Sectors in Brazil”, together with Macroplan for CETEPETRO.

§          “Estimate of Greenhouse Effect Gases Emissions from the Burning of Fossil Fuels in Brazil”, together with MCT.

§          “Evolution of the Vehicle Fleet and Consumption in Brazil”, together with the MCT.

The software (registered at the INPI) that were developed are listed below:

Projetar-e (Macroeconomic Module, Sectorial Module and Energy  Module)

 BENEMIS (Emissions causing the Greenhouse Effect)

 BEN-EE (Equivalent Energy Balance)

 BEN-EEC (Equivalent Energy Balance and Carbon).


Graphic Edition/Edição Gráfica:
Editoração Eletrônic

Tuesday, 11 November 2008

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