Economy & Energy
Year III - No 13 March/April 1999

ollaoro.gif (978 bytes) Main Page
ollaoro.gif (978 bytes)The Structure of the Crisis
ollaoro.gif (978 bytes)Privatization in the Energy Area
ollaoro.gif (978 bytes)Energy Equivalence Coefficients
ollaoro.gif (978 bytes)Glossary of Energy
ollaoro.gif (978 bytes)e&e links
Following the Brazilian Economy:
ollaoro.gif (978 bytes)Brazilian Public Debt
ollaoro.gif (978 bytes)Internationl Reserves
Graphical Edition:
MAK
Editoração Eletrônic
a
marcos@rio-point.com
Revised:
Thursday, 10 July 2003.

http://ecen.com

General Energy Parameters

Production: Coordenação Geral de Informações Energéticas
Secretaria de Energia 
Ministério de Minas e Energia (*)
Contacts: João Antônio Moreira Patusco
patusco@mme.gov.b
r
English Version: Frida Eidelman
frida@ecen.com


Equivalence Coefficients for Natural Gas and Energy

Consumption of dry natural gas in a thermoelectric power plant of de 1000 MW PC (GN) = 9256 kcal / m3

Efficiency (%)

109 Btu

106 m3

Capacity Factor = 80%

Capacity Factor = 88%

per day

per day

109 Btu / year

106 m3 / year

109 Btu / year

106m3 / year

50

163,8

4,46

47820

1302

52631

1433

45

182,2

4,96

53182

1448

58508

1593

40

204,6

5,57

59720

1626

65706

1789

Necessary power to supply residential consumption of 1000 inhabitants

Specification

Brazil

São Paulo

Brasília

Australia

Monthly consumption in kWh (1)

170

212

242

710

Per capita income U$ (97) / hab

5010

6200

8300

>25000

Necessary power -kWe

60

74,5

85

278

Installed KW - Cap. Factor =56%

107

133

152

496

(1) by consuming residence

Coefficients of caloric equivalence of (physical) measurement units

From

Fuel Oill (m3)

Dry Natural Gas
(1000 m3)

Mineral Coal
5200
(t)

LPG
(m3)

Wood 
(t)

Vegetal Coal
l (t)

To

Multiply
by

Fuel Oill (m3)

1,00

1,09

1,94

1,56

3,06

1,48

Dry Natural Gas (1000 m3)

0,92

1,00

1,78

1,43

2,80

1,36

Mineral Coal 5200 (t)

0,52

0,56

1,00

0,80

1,58

0,76

LPG (m3)

0,64

0,70

1,25

1,00

1,97

0,95

Wood  (t)

0,33

0,36

0,63

0,51

1,00

0,49

Vegetal Coall (t)

0,67

0,73

1,31

1,05

2,06

1,00

Average equivalence coefficients for solid fuels

Multiply byr

To

giga calories

ton oil equivalent barrel 10800 kcal/kg

oil equivalent barrel

ton mineral coal equivalent     
7000 kcal/kg

giga joule 106 Btu

megawatt- hour
860 kcal/kw

From
ton of

Vapor Coal 3100 kcal/kg

3,10

0,287

2,08

0,44

12,98

12,30

3,61

Vapor Coal 3300 kcal/kg

3,30

0,306

2,21

0,47

13,82

13,09

3,84

Vapor Coal 3700 kcal/kg

3,70

0,343

2,48

0,53

15,49

14,68

4,30

Vapor Coal 4200 kcal/kg

4,20

0,389

2,82

0,60

17,58

16,67

4,88

Vapor Coal 4500 kcal/kg

4,50

0,417

3,02

0,64

18,84

17,86

5,23

Vapor Coal 4700 kcal/kg

4,70

0,435

3,15

0,67

19,68

18,65

5,47

Vapor Coal 5200 kcal/kg

5,20

0,481

3,49

0,74

21,77

20,63

6,05

Vapor Coal 5900 kcal/kg

5,90

0,546

3,96

0,84

24,70

23,41

6,86

Vapor Coal 6000 kcal/kg

6,00

0,556

4,03

0,86

25,12

23,81

6,98

Vapor Coal without specification

3,00

0,278

2,01

0,43

12,56

11,90

3,49

National (Brazilian) Metallurgical Coal

6,80

0,630

4,56

0,97

28,47

26,98

7,91

Metallurgical Coal Imported

7,30

0,733

4,90

1,13

30,56

28,97

8,49

Wood

3,30

0,306

2,21

0,47

13,82

13,09

3,84

Cane Juice

0,62

0,057

0,42

0,09

2,60

2,46

0,72

Molasses

1,93

0,179

1,30

0,28

8,08

7,66

2,24

Sugar Cane Bagasse

2,26

0,209

1,51

0,32

9,45

8,96

2,62

Leaching  

3,03

0,281

2,03

0,43

12,69

12,02

3,52

Mineral Coal Coke

7,30

0,676

4,90

1,04

30,56

28,97

8,49

Vegetal Coal

6,80

0,630

4,56

0,97

28,47

26,98

7,91

Other Secondary Tar

9,00

0,833

6,04

1,29

37,68

35,71

10,47

Average equivalence coefficients for liquid fuels

Multiply by

To

giga
calories

ton
oil equivalent  10800 kcal/kg

oil equivalent barrel 

ton mineral coal equivalent
7000 kcal/kg

giga joule 106 Btu

megawatt hour
860 kcal/kw

From
m3 of

Oil

9,37

0,868

6,29

1,34

39,23

37,18

10,90

Diesel oil

9,16

0,848

6,15

1,31

38,35

36,34

10,65

Fuel Oil

10,22

0,946

6,86

1,46

42,79

40,56

11,89

Automotive Gasoline

8,33

0,771

5,59

1,19

34,86

33,03

9,68

Aviation Gasoline

8,20

0,759

5,50

1,17

34,32

32,52

9,53

Liquefied Petroleum Gas

6,49

0,601

4,35

0,93

27,16

25,74

7,54

Nafta

7,95

0,736

5,33

1,14

33,27

31,53

9,24

Kerosene

8,76

0,811

5,88

1,25

36,68

34,76

10,19

Aviation Kerosene

8,76

0,811

5,88

1,25

36,68

34,76

10,19

Anhydrous Ethanol

5,61

0,520

3,76

0,80

23,48

22,25

6,52

Hydrated Ethanol

5,38

0,496

3,61

0,77

22,52

21,35

6,26

Refinery Gas

6,86

0,636

4,61

0,98

28,74

27,24

7,98

Petroleum Coke

8,84

0,819

5,93

1,26

37,01

35,08

10,28

Other Petroleum Products

9,33

0,864

6,26

1,33

39,07

37,03

10,85

Asphalt

10,30

0,954

6,91

1,47

43,13

40,88

11,98

Lubricants

9,42

0,873

6,32

1,35

39,46

37,39

10,96

Solvents

8,33

0,771

5,59

1,19

34,87

33,05

9,69

Other Non-Energy Oil Products

9,33

0,864

6,26

1,33

39,07

37,03

10,85

Average equivalence coefficients for gaseous fuels

Multiply by

To

giga
calorias

ton
oil equivalent 10800 kcal/kg

barril equivalente de petróleo

ton mineral coal equivalent
7000
kcal/kg

giga joule 106 Btu

megawatt hour
860 kcal/kw

De 1000 m3

Humid Natural Gas

10,45

0,968

7,02

1,49

43,77

41,48

12,16

Dry Natural Gas Coking Gas Pipelined Gas - Rio de Janeiro Pipelined Gas - São Paulo

9,26

0,857

6,21

1,32

38,75

36,73

10,76

Coking Gas

4,50

0,417

3,02

0,64

18,84

17,86

5,23

Pipelined Gas - Rio de Janeiro

3,90

0,361

2,62

0,56

16,33

15,48

4,54

Pipelined Gas - São Paulo

4,70

0,435

3,15

0,67

19,68

18,65

5,47

(*) General Coordination of Energy Information /Department of Energy / Ministry of Mines and Energy - Brazil